Mozilla plans to release a version of its Firefox browser Tuesday that embraces a version of virtual reality for the web.
Back in 2014, Mozilla developers including Vladimir Vukicevic put together a concept called WebVR. The idea was to let web browsers navigate virtual realms, and make it easier for people to create a VR world once that would work on all sorts of devices.
But Vukicevic headed off to game engine maker Unity, and Google’s Chrome browser beat Mozilla with WebVR support. Microsoft’s Edge also edged out Firefox, adding WebVR support in April. Microsoft and Google, which both sell devices to experience virtual reality and its augmented reality cousin, have a big incentive to make virtual reality real.
“WebVR is the major platform feature shipping in Firefox 55,” the latest Firefox release calendar update says. “Firefox users with an HTC Vive or Oculus Rift headset will be able to experience VR content on the web and can explore some exciting demos.”
There’s plenty to do on the web with a PC, and plenty of apps to run on a phone. But for VR to thrive, there has to be plenty of stuff for us to do online virtually, too. WebVR is an important part of keeping keep us supplied with games, tourist attractions, educational lessons and other interesting things to do in virtual realms.
There are caveats to using WebVR today. Chrome’s support only is on Android-powered devices right now, and WebVR on Edge requires you to put the browser in a developer mode.
WebVR is also important for Mozilla. The nonprofit organization is fighting to reclaim its relevance and restore its reputation after Firefox slid into Chrome’s shadow in recent years. The work to get Firefox back into fighting trim will culminate with Firefox 57, due to arrive Nov. 14.
There’s plenty of VR hardware available, from high-end headsets like Facebook’s Oculus Rift and HTC’s Vive to basic models like Google’s inexpensive Cardboard, which relies on your phone to show VR views. With WebVR, it’s in principle easier to build those VR destinations, because developers don’t have to re-create them for each device.
WebVR isn’t the only way to bridge the divide, though: Unity also offers tools to span multiple headsets.
And WebVR is no universal cure. Some VR headsets don’t support WebVR, and some browsers don’t support all devices.
Mozilla has high hopes for VR. Its senior vice president of emerging technologies, Sean White, has been working with VR for more than two decades.
“In the 1990s, unless you had $5 million or $10 million, you couldn’t do it,” he said in a recent interview. “Now if there’s somebody with Parkinson’s disease who can’t move or travel, I could take them to Angkor Wat.”
In the long term, he and his boss, Mozilla Chief Executive Chris Beard, think VR could be eclipsed by augmented reality. VR immerses you in fully computerized worlds of VR, but AR overlays computer-generated imagery atop the real world.
“VR will beget AR pretty quickly as a mass-market opportunity,” Beard said. “Browsers play a very meaningful role.”
First published Aug. 8, 5 a.m. PT.
Update, 10:55 a.m.: Adds detail about Microsoft and Chrome support for WebVR.
NBA 2K has been the gold standard for sports games for years — and it just raised the bar… again.
Screenshots of NBA 2K18 players with their rankings have been coming out ahead of its September 19 release. The first thing I said was, “Dang! How the heck did they make it look this much better?”
Steve Noah of gaming site Operation Sports posted shots of player models from last year’s game, comparing them to the handful of player models we’ve seen for 2K18 — and it’s night and day. This doesn’t look just like an improvement, it looks like a next-gen console jump.
Player likenesses are captured by a self-powered mobile scanning RV from Pixelgun Studio. It’s made up of 146 Canon cameras, updated as new cameras are manufactured, and it captures ultra high detail facial scans and player tattoos with up to 16,000 textures.
The 2K team captures different facial expressions. They wouldn’t give me what they call their “recipe” of expressions, but they did reveal a few of them — like one they call a “scrunch face,” where they maximize the compression to get every wrinkle on a player’s face. The “dunk face” is also popular. Essentially, if a player has a signature expression, the team will get it.
2K even virtually scanned Steph Curry with his mouth guard in so they could render the way his lips formed around it when he chewed on it, or when it was positioned up or down in his mouth. Every detail matters.
Every player can’t get scanned each year because of their busy schedules, but 2K has a library of player scans it has collected over the years at very high resolutions.
“We went back to scan data and we basically doubled the resolution of the face, and it was a ton of work,” says NBA 2K18’s Art Director Anton Dawson. “It allowed a lot of these likenesses to pop a lot more, and it’s a subtle thing, but it helps. Every little wrinkle and every little form that you can eke out helps.”
The art team completely rebuilt player faces, with a higher resolution base mesh to handle more detail for rounded forms on the face like the ears, or the side of the nostril.
“When you strip down and go back all the way to rebuilding the face from scratch and having a new model, it gives you a chance to revisit a lot of things,” Dawson says.
The 2K team wouldn’t say which of the players revealed so far were brand new scans versus models improved from their library of scans, though many of the early comparisons look like the latter.
NBA 2K18 didn’t only rebuild the faces. It rebuilt the bodies, the uniforms and the accessories.
There were only six body types in last year’s game that were assigned to players. Someone might be a “beefy” body type or a “skinny” body type, but when a player is matched with a body type that isn’t just right, it changes how their face looks and it caused a disconnect.
The 2K team created a new body system that makes every player model unique. There is no fixed template anymore. “The number of body types really is infinite, because it’s not binary,” Dawson says. The team can individually control proportions, wingspan, thickness and specific anatomical details so every player model is unique.
Nike is the new global apparel partner with the NBA this year, and the 2K team used handheld laser scanners to capture a 10 million polygon mesh of the actual uniforms. It grabbed every detail, from perforations in the jersey, the size of the jersey font, the size of the number, the stitching, the thickness of the piping and how much border there is from the stripe to the edge of the jersey.
2K also did a separate scan to capture jerseys’ true colors. “It was important for us to separate the color of a jersey into diffused color and reflected color,” Dawson says. “We used a technique called cross-polarization to separate those two layers, and then we were able to sample the colors by breaking out diffused color and reflected color.
“The way it reads to your eye when it’s all put back together, the color just looks exactly like the color. The team colors have been spot on. That’s been something we’ve been just chasing for so long,” Dawson says.
The 2K team made infinite body models, so of course they had to make infinite jersey shapes. The way that a jersey and shorts fit to a player’s body is also unique. The cloth of every jersey will simulate differently depending on how big their chest is and their body model underneath it.
Just like the players and jerseys, over 200 shoes have been scanned. Signature accessories like arm sleeves were also rescanned for 2K18.
2K Sports confirmed the PS4 Pro and Xbox One X will run NBA 2K18 at 60 frames per second in 4K with full HDR. The regular PS4 and Xbox One will run at 60 fps.
What does the NBA 2K18 team think about the online buzz? Some outlets have said 2K18 makes 2K17 look like trash.
“We haven’t seen those comparisons until this week of 2K17 to 2K18, and we’ve just been living with 18 for so long. It’s been gradually improving and gradually evolving all year, and now when I see those comparisons, I’m surprised. They are pretty striking,” Dawson says.
Twitter can feel like a field of land mines. You need to sidestep rude comments, tiptoe past snarky missives and cut angry trolls a wide berth.
That’s why NASA astronaut Jack Fischer’s account is a place of wonder and magic, a digital oasis. The account, @Astro2fish, is a “burrito of awesomeness smothered in awesome sauce,” to borrow one of Fischer’s phrases.
Fischer is in the midst of his first stay aboard the International Space Station. He’s excited to be there. Very, very excited. His Twitter serves as his conduit to Earth-bound space fans and his tweets jump off the screen in waves of enthusiasm and delight. He also has a steady hand with the ISS cameras.
Combine the two and you get an unending flow of space fabulousness.
Here’s one particular spark of magic:
This swirling, colorful view of a slice of our planet looks like a kaleidoscope collided with a Picasso painting. Yes, @Astro2fish, it does look like a watercolor tray. And I’m lost for a moment in a reverie at the surreal beauty of our strange and delightful home rock.
And sometimes he’s just plain goofy, like when he says an aurora “slathers up the sky in awesome sauce” or he crafts an impossible , free of the shackles of Earth’s gravity.
I would like to think I would blurt out phrases like “space-ninja” if I ever got the chance to float around the ISS. I would play with my food, stacking cake and candy into a “Bitesize Mountain of Yumiosity.” I would get lost in a “wicked-cool, space-suit-traffic-jam” and stare in awe at the beauty of the glowing curve of the Earth below.
Fischer is the dream realized. He carries a little piece of every one of us who fantasized about going to Space Camp, ate freeze-dried “astronaut ice cream” and watched endless episodes of Star Trek. We were all kids daydreaming about the stars. Fischer doesn’t forget to pay tribute to that child inside, still full of wonder and curiosity about the world beyond our planet’s gravity.
Fischer is due back on Earth in September, but his legacy of unbridled space-joy will remain alive on Twitter as an epic outpouring of awesome sauce.
Check out some of Fischer’s greatest hits with views from both inside and outside of the ISS:
View it here
Based on “Kane Hodder” but not affiliated with
View it here
Based on “George Lopez” but not affiliated with
Based on “Slipknot” but not affiliated with